CPAP or BiLevel Titration
CPAP stands for continuous positive airway pressure. Nasal CPAP therapy is a non-invasive, non-surgical way to treat obstructive sleep apnea.
Physiologic sensor leads are placed on the patient in order to record:
* Brain electrical activity
* Eye and jaw muscle movement
* Leg muscle movement
* Respiratory effort (chest and abdominal excursion)
* Oxygen saturation
When a patient comes into the Sleep Center to be titrated on nasal CPAP, he or she is fitted with a relatively small, comfortable mask that goes over the nose only. This mask is hooked up to a CPAP unit, which delivers an air pressure through the nose into the back of the airway to splint the airway open during sleep with air. Initially, the CPAP unit uses a low air pressure that allows patients to breathe easily in and out against the slight pressure. When the patient is asleep, the pressure is adjusted (titrated) to keep the airway open during sleep. Pressure is titrated to keep the patient apnea-free and eliminate snoring in all stages of sleep and in all body positions. The CPAP allows the patient to achieve restful and deep sleep without interruption during the night. Patients with sleep apnea not only get a good night’s sleep on CPAP therapy, but also prevent long-term damage to their heart and body that could be caused by lack of oxygen and poor sleep.